|NEP Volume-II (Transmission)|
India is now amongst the fastest developing countries in the world in terms of GDP as well as the electricity consumption. The challenge is to meet the energy needs of high economic growth & electricity consumption of about 1.3 billion people. The development of an efficient, coordinated, economical and robust electricity system is essential for smooth flow of electricity from generating station to load centers (as per Electricity Act, 2003) and for optimum utilization of resources in the country, in order to provide reliable, affordable, un-interruptible (24x7) and Quality Power for All. Transmission system establishes the link between source of generation on one side and distribution system, which is connected to load / ultimate consumer, on the other side. Transmission planning is a continuous process of identification of transmission system addition requirements, their timing and need. The transmission requirements could arise from:
These transmission system requirements are identified, studied and firmed through the co-ordinated planning process i.e through Regional Standing Committee(s) on Transmission (erstwhile Standing Committee(s) on Power System Planning for the Region) and operational feedback from POSOCO and other stakeholders. Development of adequate intra state transmission system is equally important in order to ensure delivery of power to the load centres and effective utilization of Inter-state transmission system. The progress of Inter as well as Intra State transmission systems is regularly monitored by CEA. Since January 2011, ISTS transmission schemes, as recommended by the Empowered committee and after consideration by the Government of India, are being implemented either through the Tariff based Competitive Bidding (TBCB) process or under cost-plus mechanism with Regulated Tariff Mechanism (RTM) by POWERGRID as CTU, in accordance with provisions of the Tariff Policy. As per Section 3 of the Electricity Act 2003, Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has been entrusted with the responsibility of preparing the National Electricity Plan (NEP) in accordance with the National Electricity Policy and to notify such plan once in five years.The National Electricity Plan (Volume I) on Generation Planning was notified vide Extra Ordinary Gazette No. 1871, Sl. No. 121, under part-III, Section IV dated 28.03.2018. National Electricity Plan (Volume II) on Transmission planning was prepared after the finalization of the Generation Plan. In the NEP Volume II (Transmission) i.e. NEP-Trans, the review of development of transmission system during 12th Plan Period and Planning for the ongoing plan period 2017-22 and Perspective plan for 2022-27 have been discussed, keeping in view various factors, such as inter-regional transmission links, reactive compensation, cross border exchange of power etc.