Central Electricity Authority (CEA)
In all technical and economic matters, Ministry of Power is assisted by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA). While the Authority (CEA) is a Statutory Body constituted under the erstwhile Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948, hereinafter replaced by the Electricity Act, 2003, where similar provisions exists, the office of the CEA is an “Attached Office” of the Ministry of Power. The CEA is responsible for the technical coordination and supervision of programmes and is also entrusted with a number of statutory functions. It is headed by a Chairman, who is also ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India, and comprises six full time Members of the CEA of the rank of ex-officio Additional Secretary to the Government of India, they are designated as Member (Thermal), Member (Hydro), Member (Economic and Commercial), Member(Power Systems), Member(Planning) and Member(Grid Operation and Distribution).
The Central Electricity Authority shall prepare a National Electricity Plan in accordance with the National Electricity Policy and notify such plan once in five years. Any generating company intending to set-up a hydro-generating station also requires the concurrence of the Central Electricity Authority.
Section 73 of the Electricity Act, 2003 empowers the Authority to perform such functions and duties as the Central Government may prescribe or direct, and in particular to: -
a) Advise the Central Government on the matters relating to the national electricity policy, formulate short-term and perspective plans for development of the electricity system and co-ordinate the activities of the planning agencies for the optimal utilization of resources to sub serve the interests of the national economy and to provide reliable and affordable electricity for all consumers:
b) Specify the technical standards for construction of electrical plants, electric lines and connectivity to the grid:
c) Specify the safety requirements for construction, operation and maintenance of electrical plants and electric lines:
d) Specify the Grid standards for operation and maintenance of transmission lines:
e) Specify the conditions for installation of meters for transmission and supply of electricity:
f) Promote and assist in the timely completion of schemes and projects for improving and augmenting the electricity system:
g) Promote measures for advancing the skill of persons engaged in the electricity industry:
h) Advise the Central Government on any matter on which its advice is sought or make recommendation to that Government on any matter if, in the opinion of the Authority, the recommendation would help in improving the generation, transmission, trading, distribution and utilization of electricity:
i) Collect and record the data concerning the generation, transmission, trading, distribution and utilization of electricity and carry out studies relating to cost, efficiency, competitiveness and such like matters:
j) Make public from time to time information secured under this Act, and provide for the publication of reports and investigations:
k) Promote research on matters affecting the generation, transmission, distribution and trading of electricity:
l) Carry out, or cause to be carried out, any investigation for the purposes of generating or transmitting or distributing electricity:
m) Advise any State Government, licensees or the generating companies on such matters which shall enable them to operate and maintain the electricity system under their ownership or control in an improved manner and where necessary, in co-ordination with any other Government, licensee or the generating company owning or having the control of another electricity system:
n) Advise the Appropriate Government and the Appropriate Commission on all technical matters relating to generation, transmission and distribution of electricity: and
o) Discharge such other functions as may be provided under the Electricity Act.2003.
For further details, please surf the site at: cea.nic.in
Appellate Tribunal for Electricity (APTEL)
Appellate Tribunal for Electricity is a statutory body constituted for the purpose of hearing cases against the orders of the Regulatory Commissions and the Adjudicating officer.
On 10th June, 2003, the Electricity Act was notified by the Govt. of India. This Act seeks to consolidate the laws relating to generation, transmission, distribution, trading and use of electricity and generally for taking measures conducive to development of electricity industry, promoting competition therein, protecting interest of consumers and supply of electricity to all areas, rationalization of electricity tariff ensuring transparent policies regarding subsidies, promotion of efficient and environmentally benign policies, constitution of Central Electricity Authority, Regulatory Commissions and establishment of Appellate Tribunal and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The act applies through out Union Territories of India except Jammu & Kashmir.
By virtue of Section 110 of The Electricity Act, 2003 (Central Act 36 of 2003) (hither after referred as the Act), an Appellate Tribunal for Electricity having jurisdiction through out India has been set up to hear appeals or original petitions against the orders of the Adjudicating officer or The Central Regulatory Commission or State Regulatory Commission or Joint Commission constituted respectively under Section 76(i) or 82 or 83 of the Act under the Act of 2003. The Tribunal is conferred with original jurisdiction to hear petitions under Section 121 of the Act and issue directions to all Commissions for the performance of its statutory functions. This Tribunal has been established by the Ministry of Power, Govt. of India w.e.f. 7th April, 2004 notified vide S.O. 478 (E). This Tribunal shall ordinary sit at Delhi.
The Appellate Tribunal shall consist of a Chairperson and three other Members. Every Bench constituted by the Chairperson shall consist of at least one Judicial Member and one Technical Member
For further details, please surf the site at: aptel.gov.in
CERC is a statutory body constituted under the provision of the erstwhile Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998 and continued under Electricity Act, 2003 (which has since repealed inter alia the ERC Act, 1998). The main functions of the CERC are to regulate the tariff of generating companies owned or controlled by the Central Government, to regulate the tariff of generating companies other than those owned or controlled by the Central Government, if such generating companies enter into or otherwise have a composite scheme for generation and sale of electricity in more than one State, to regulate the inter-State transmission of energy including tariff of the transmission utilities, to grant licences for inter-State transmission and trading and to advise the Central Government in formulation of National Electricity Policy and Tariff Policy.
For further details, please surf the site at : http://www.cercind.gov.in
State Electricity Regulatory Commission (SERC)
The concept of SERC as a statutory body responsible for determination of tariff and grant of licence at intra-State level was envisaged in the erstwhile Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998 and has been continued in the Electricity Act, 2003 (which has since repealed inter alia the ERC Act, 1998). Main responsibilities of the SERC are to determine the tariff for generation, supply, transmission and wheeling of electricity, whole sale, bulk or retail sale within the State; to issue licences for intra-State transmission, distribution and trading; to promote co-generation and generation of electricity from renewal sources of energy etc.
Central Transmission Utility (CTU)
CTU as a statutory body was conceived in section 27 A of the erstwhile Indian Electricity Act, 1910 and has been retained in the Electricity Act, 2003 (which has since repealed inter-alia the Indian Electricity Act, 1910). The functions of the CTU are be to undertake transmission of energy through inter-State transmission system and discharge all functions of planning and coordination relating to inter-State transmission system with State Transmission Utilities, Central Government, State Governments, generating companies etc. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited will be Central Transmission Utility.
State Transmission Utility (STU)
STU as a statutory body was conceived in section 27 B of the erstwhile Indian Electricity Act, 1910 and has been retained in the Electricity Act, 2003 (which has since repealed inter-alia the Indian Electricity Act, 1910). The functions of the State Transmission Utility are to undertake transmission of energy through intra-state transmission system and discharge all functions of planning and coordination relating to intra-State transmission system with Central Transmission Utility, State Governments, generating companies etc.
National Load Despatch Centre (NLDC)
The Electricity Act, 2003 has provided for constitution of the National Load Despatch Centre for optimum scheduling and despatch of electricity among the Regional Load Despatch Centres. The constitution and functions of NLDC are yet to be prescribed by the Central Government.
Regional Load Despatch Centres (RLDC)
Section 25 of the Electricity Act, 2003 requires the Central Government to make regional demarcation of the country for the efficient, economical and integrated transmission and supply of electricity and in particular to facilitate voluntarily inter-connection and co-ordination of facilities for the inter-State, Regional and inter-regional generation and transmission of electricity. To ensure integrated and power system in each such region, the Regional Load Despatch Centre ((RLDC) has been envisaged as an apex body. The RLDC is responsible inter-alia for despatch of electricity within the regions, monitoring grid operations etc. The directions given by the RLDC for ensuring grid stability etc. are required to be compiled with by the licensees, generating company, generating stations, sub-stations and any other person connected with the operation of the power system.
State Load Despatch Centres (SLDC)
Corresponding to the RLDC which operates at the regional level, the SLDCs have been envisaged at the State level with the responsibility of ensuring integrated operations of the power system in State.
Grievances Redressal Forum and Ombudsman
The Electricity Act, 2003 requires every distribution licensee to establish a forum for Redressal of Grievances of consumers. Ombudsman is a statutory authority to be appointed or designated by the State Commission to hear and settle the non-redressal of grievances at the level of Grievance Redressal Forum.
Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has been set up by Government of India on 1st March, 2002 as a Stautory Body as per Section 3 of Energy Conservation Act, 2001. Head Office of the Bureau of energy efficiency, 4th Floor,Sewa Bhawan,New delhi-66.
Established pursuant to provisions of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001
Responsible for spearheading the improvement of energy efficiency of economy through regulatory and promotional instruments
-Energy saving potential of 3320 MW estimated by year 2006-07 :
• Standard & Labelling 1960 MW
• Designated consumers through implementation of industry energy conservation programmes 1200 MW
• Demand Side Management 160 MW
The mission of BEE is to develop policies and strategies with a thrust on self regulation and market principles within the over all frame work of Energy Conservation Act 2001, with the primary objective of promoting energy saving measures and in turn reducing energy intensity(i.e. energy consumed per unit product/services, practice and procedure) of Indian economy. BEE has initiated following projects and programmes to achieve its goal:
1. Indian Industry Programme for Energy Conservation (IIPEC)
2. Professional Certification of Energy Managers and Accreditation of Energy Auditors
3. Development of Manual and Energy Performance codes for equipment
4. Standardize & lebeling (S&L) Programme
5. Demand side Management
6. Energy Efficiency in Building and Establishments
7. Energy Conservation on Building Codes
8. Energy Conservation Awareness in Schools
9. Mational Energy Conservation Awards
For further details, please surf the site at : beeindia.gov.in
The Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), established on 7th July 1948 by the Damodar Valley Corporation Act. The Corporation has a full time Chairman and two part time Members. The part time members represent the States of Bihar and West Bengal.
Came into existence as first multipurpose Integrated River valley project
Committed for economic and industrial growth of Damodar Valley region extending over area of 24,235 sq. km in States of West Bengal and Jharkhand
The objectives of the corporation include:
- Flood control
- Irrigation and water supply for industrial and domestic use,
- Generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy,
- Promotion of affore station and control of soil erosion in the Damodar valley and
- Promotion of industrial, economic and general well-being of the people in the Damodar Valley and its areas of operation.
DVCs command area extends over an area of 24,235 sq. kms. comprising seven districts of Bihar and five districts of West Bengal. The Corporation has so far constructed four multipurpose dams at Tilaiya, Konar, Maithon and Panchet and an irrigation system comprising a barrage on river Damodar at Durgapur and a canal system of 2459 kms. DVC has also constructed five thermal power stations adding to capacity of 2535 MW.
For further details, please surf the site at : www.dvcindia.org
Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB) was constituted under section 79 of the Punjab Re-organization Act, 1966 for the administration, maintenance and operation of Bhakra Nangal Project w.e.f. Ist October, 1967. The Beas project works, on completion, were transferred by the Government of India from Beas Construction Board (BCB) to BMB as per Section 80 of the Act, 1966 and the Bhakra Management Board was renamed as Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB) w.e.f. 15.5.1976. BBMB manages the facilities created for harnessing the waters impounded at Bhakra and Pong in addition to those diverted at Pandoh through the BSL Water Conductor System. It was also assigned the responsibility of delivering water and power to the beneficiary States in accordance with their due/ entitled shares. The Board is responsible for the administration, maintenance and operation works at Bhakra Nangal Project, Beas Project Unit I & Unit II including power houses and a network of transmission lines and grid sun-stations. The total installed capacity of BBMB power houses is 2793.65 MW.
Constituted in Oct. 1967
Responsible for administration, operation & maintenance of Bhakra Nangal project, Sutluj link project and Pong Dam including power houses and network of transmission lines and grid substations
-Entrusted additional functions of providing and pertaining engineering and related technical and consultancy services in hydro and irrigation projects.
For further details, please surf the site at : http://bhakra.nic.in
JERC for GOA & UTs
For further details, please surf the site at : http://jercuts.gov.in
JERC for Manipur and Mizoram